Undergraduate Catalog

2011 – 2012


Current Undergraduate Catalog

Office of Admissions
Emil H. Messikomer Hall
100 W. Rosedale Avenue
West Chester, PA 19383
Phone: 610-436-3411
Fax: 610-436-2907
ugadmiss@wcupa.edu


Revised September 2011

Academic Programs

Department of Kinesiology

 

206 Sturzebecker Health Sciences Center
610-436-2260
Frank F. Fry, Jr., Chairperson
Frances E. Cleland, Assistant Chairperson, Health and Physical Education - Teacher Certification
Sheri Melton, Assistant Chairperson - Exercise Science; Graduate Coordinator, M.S. Exercise and Sport Physiology

PROFESSORS: Atkinson, Cleland, Fry, Helion, Lepore, Melton, Volkwein

ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS: Ellis, Ottley, Smith, Stearne, Stevens, J. Williams

ASSISTANT PROFESSORS: Cramer, Cummiskey

INSTRUCTORS: Kubachka, M. Williams

The Department of Kinesiology offers two programs leading to the bachelor of science degree.

  1. The B.S. in HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION-TEACHER CERTIFICATION. This program prepares students to teach K-12 health and physical education.
  2. The B.S. in EXERCISE SCIENCE. The purpose of the exercise science (ES) program is to prepare students for positions in the growing and multifaceted field of health and fitness or to gain admission into various professional and graduate programs. In addition, students will be prepared for success in appropriate certification examinations. The primary focus of the ES program is for each student to develop abilities and master knowledge and skills necessary to provide leadership in the health and fitness fields as well as be a successful member of society. Concentrations offered within the curriculum include pre-physical therapy, pre-occupational therapy, and pre-chiropractic. The bachelor of science is nationally accredited by the Committee on Accreditation for the Exercise Sciences (CoAES).

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE - HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION - TEACHER CERTIFICATION

120 semester hours

  1. General ed. requirements, see pages 38-44 (48 semester hours)
  2. Kinesiology foundations (6 semester hours)
    KIN 103, 186
  3. Pedagogy core (15 semester hours)
    KIN 205, 206, 300, 302*, 402*
  4. Applied sciences (9 semester hours)
    EXS 241; KIN 361, 364
  5. Activity modules (10 semester hours)
    KIN 102, 201, 301, 303, 401
  6. Related PDE and teacher education requirements (19 semester hours)
    EDF 300; EDP 250; KIN 140 or 275 or 331, 254, 347; LAN/ENG 382; SMD 271
  7. Health education (15 semester hours)
    HEA 230, 304*, 306*, 440*; NTD 303
  8. Capstone courses (12 semester hours)
    Preprofessional experiences are required prior to application for student teaching.
    KIN 489*, 490*
    *Students must have formal admission to teacher education for KIN 302, 402, 489, 490 and HEA 304, 306 and 440
  9. GPA requirement
    Students must maintain the required GPA in accordance with the criteria for formal admission to teacher education program. Students must attain a C or better in all required KIN major course work. See the "Teaching Certification Programs" section in this catalog, pages 162-164.

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE - EXERCISE SCIENCE

120 semester hours

  1. General ed. requirements, see pages 38-44 (48 semester hours)
    Students should consult program requirements sheet. Related requirements may differ according to the area of concentration.
  2. Related requirements (13 semester hours)
    BIO 259, 269; NTD 303; SMD 271
  3. Exercise science core requirements (45 semester hours)
    Students must obtain a C- or better in these core courses.
    EXS 180, 251, 262, 370, 375, 380, 381, 482, 484, 486, 489, 490; EXL 262, 380
  4. Electives to be approved by academic adviser in all areas of
    concentration
  5.  

AREAS OF CONCENTRATION

Pre-Chiropractic Concentration in Exercise Science

The concentration is designed to prepare students for entrance into a school of chiropractic and to earn a doctor of chiropractic (D.C.) degree. To be accepted into a school of chiropractic, students must meet specific educational standards and requirements. This concentration is a rigorous, science-based curriculum intended to meet these specific requirements. The pre-chiropractic concentration requires students to complete 120 semester hours, as outlined below.

  1. General ed requirements, see pages 38-44 (48 semester hours)
    Related requirements may differ according to
    area of concentration
  2. Exercise science core (45 semester hours)
    EXS 180, 251, 262, 370, 375, 380, 381, 482, 484, 486, 489, and 490; EXL 262 and 380
  3. Related course work (26 semester hours)
    BIO 110, 259, 269; CRL 103, 104; EXS 222; NTD 303; and PSY 130, 140.
  4. Electives to be approved by academic adviser in all areas of concentration (1 semester hour)

Pre-Occupational Therapy Concentration in Exercise Science

This 120-semester hour concentration is designed to prepare students for entrance into a  professional graduate-level school of occupational therapy. Occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants work with a variety of individuals who have difficulty accessing or performing meaningful occupations. Most commonly, these therapists and assistants work with people with disabilities to maximize their skills and abilities. Services typically include 1) customized intervention programs to improve one’s ability to perform daily activities; 2) comprehensive home and job site evaluations with adaptation recommendations; 3) performance skills assessments and treatments; 4) adaptive equipment recommendations and usage training; and 5) guidance to family members and caregivers.

  1. General ed requirements, see pages 38-44 (48 semester hours)
    Related requirements may differ according to area of concentration.
  2. Exercise science core (45 semester hours)
    EXS 180, 251, 262, 370, 375, 380, 381, 482, 484, 486, 489, and 490 (internship under the direction of a licensed OT); EXL 380
  3. Related course work (27 semester hours)
    BIO 259, 269; CHE/CRL 107; EXS 222; NTD 303; PHY 100, 210, 375

Pre-Physical Therapy Concentration in Exercise Science

The 120-semester-hour pre-physical therapy concentration in exercise science is designed to prepare students for entrance into a school of physical therapy. Physical therapy programs accept a limited number of students and are highly competitive. Students are encouraged to maintain a GPA of 3.0 or better in this concentration.

  1. General ed. requirements, see pages 38-44 (48 semester hours)
    Related requirements may differ according to area of concentration.
  2. Exercise science core (45 semester hours)
    EXS 180, 251, 262, 370, 375, 380, 381, 482, 486, 489, 490; EXL 262 and 380
  3. Related course work (24 semester hours)
    BIO 110, 259, 269; CHE/CRL 104; EXS 222; NTD 303; PHY 140

  4. Electives (3 semester hours)

Minor in Coaching (18 semester hours)

Students successfully completing the minor in coaching earn transcript recognition attesting to school administrators that recipients have attained basic preparation for coaching. Skill acquisition, management techniques, and behavioral competencies are included in the program. The program is open to students from any major. Students should apply through the minor program adviser, Dr. John Helion. Course work is divided into six groupings in order to meet National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) guidelines.

Required courses

Group I
SMD 271

Group II
KIN 452

Group III
Choose one: EXS 262; KIN 361, 453, 585

Group IV
Choose one: EXS 364, 380

Group V
Choose one: EXS 482; SMD 454

Group VI
KIN 475

Minor in Exercise Science (21-23 semester hours)

The exercise science minor is designed to impart fundamental knowledge, skills, and abilities in the theories and practice of exercise science. The minor will also provide learning experiences that lead to a basic understanding of exercise techniques, exercise testing, and exercise prescription. Students who wish to minor in exercise science must complete and submit a minor selection application to the Office of the Registrar. To enroll in this minor, students also must have permission from their major department and from the Department of Kinesiology.

Students should make course selections in consultation with the minor program adviser. A minimum grade of C- is required in each of the minor courses taken before clearance for graduation with a minor will be granted.

A minor in exercise science requires students to complete six core courses in the exercise science (EXS) curriculum - four required courses and two electives, as noted below - for a total of 21-23 semester hours. Prerequisites related to individual courses apply.

Required courses (15 semester hours)
EXS 251, 262, 370, and 380; EXL 380

Electives (6-7 semester hours)
Two elective courses to be chosen from the following:
EXS 180, 375, 482, 486, and 489

Minor in Physical Education for Individuals With Disabilities (21 semester hours)

The minor in physical education for individuals with disabilities is designed to enable students to plan, implement, and advocate for developmentally appropriate physical activities for people with a variety of physical and cognitive disabilities in schools, fitness centers, recreation centers, and residential facilities. Practical application is stressed in this minor; students will participate in approximately 200 hours of hands-on work. The minor prepares those in HPE-teacher certification to be eligible for the APENS (Adapted Physical Education National Standards) exam but is open to any WCU students who meet the prerequisites. Other certifications are offered within various courses.

Required courses
KIN 205, 253, 254, 360, 362, 400. PREREQ: HEA 206 or KIN 186

Facilities

The department is housed on West Chester University's South Campus in the Russell L. Sturzebecker Health Sciences Center. The SHSC features the following indoor facilities: five full-size, multipurpose gymnasiums; one fully equipped gymnastics gym; dance studio; strength training facility; human performance laboratory; 17 classrooms; aquatics center featuring two pools and a 14.5-foot diving well. Outdoor facilities include multipurpose playing fields, tennis courts, softball fields/baseball fields, quarter-mile track, three outdoor adventure education facilities, and a climbing wall.

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

KINESIOLOGY

These courses are for kinesiology majors only.
The number in parentheses indicates the semester hours of credit.

EXERCISE SCIENCE
Symbol: EXS; EXL indicates lab course

180 Lifetime Fitness Concepts (3) Designed to teach students key elements involved in achieving a healthy lifestyle. Taught from a holistic view that total or optimal health is comprised of a healthy body, mind, and spirit which is accomplished through a combination of techniques.

222 Introduction to Medical Terminology and Drug Classifications (3) This course offers an introduction to common clinical abbreviations and medical terms through an analysis of their construction including prefix, suffix, root, connecting, and combining forms. The student acquires an understanding of medical meanings applicable to the structure, function, and diseases of the human body. Students will also learn how drugs are classified and for what major conditions they are used and learn how to use the Physicians’ Desk Reference.

241 Body Systems and Kinesiology (3) Introduces basic anatomical and physiological concepts critical to understanding human movement, exercise, physical education, and how the human body functions. Students will be required to apply these anatomical and physiological principles to physical education, exercise, and sport.

251 Measurement and Evaluation (4) Covers the fundamentals of measurement and evaluation emphasizing the link between valid assessments and decision making in exercise science, health, and physical education. Application in each learning domain is covered, with an emphasis on health-related physical fitness assessment. PREREQ: Program math requirement and current CPR certification are required before taking this course.

262 Biomechanics (3) Students will develop a fundamental understanding of selected mechanical and anatomical laws of motion, actions caused by forces, and their application to the study of mechanical structure and analysis of motion. Students will be able to use and apply these principles to various forms of movement. Exercise science majors must concurrently enroll in the lab, EXL 262 (1). PREREQ: BIO 259, PHY 100 or 130.

EXL 262 Biomechanics Lab (1) Students will develop a fundamental understanding of basic principles of biomechanics related to selected mechanical and anatomical laws of motion through hands-on laboratory experiences and data collection. Analysis of force, motion, muscle activation, balance and stability, and structural alignment will be applied to functional exercise and sport-related activities. Exercise science majors must be concurrently enrolled in the lecture, EXS 262 (3).

361 Kinesiology (3) Basic fundamentals of movement, articulation, and muscular actions; analysis of the related principles of mechanics. PREREQ: EXS 241.

364 Introduction to Exercise Physiology (3) Builds on the physiological concepts introduced in EXS 241. Students will be required to apply these physiological principles to physical education, exercise, and sport. PREREQ: EXS 241.

370 Motor Learning (3) An introduction to human lifespan development within the motor domain. The content specifically addresses the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) competency and institutional requirements. PREREQ: BIO 259.

375 Exercise Psychology (3) An introduction to psychological aspects of exercise designed to complement the anatomical and physiological substance of the exercise science specialist curriculum. Content specifically addresses ACSM organizational evaluation and knowledge, skills, and abilities that are set out in the competency requirements of the Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription. PREREQ: EXS 370, PSY 100, or permission of instructor.

380  Exercise Physiology (3) This course investigates the physiological principles that explain how the human body responds and adapts to physical activity, exercise, and work. PREREQ: BIO 269; EXS 180 and 251.

EXL 380 Exercise Physiology Lab (1) This laboratory course will enable the student to learn from both hands-on and computer-simulated experiences. In both cases, reinforcing and illuminating concepts and physiological principles introduced in the EXS 380 lecture class. PREREQ: Concurrently with BIO 269 or prior enrollment in EXS 380.

381 Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription (4) Designed to prepare students to assess health-related physical fitness using laboratory and field tests. Test results used to prepare individualized exercise prescriptions to improve cardiovascular endurance, muscular fitness, body composition, and flexibility. Skill application and practice required. ACSM guidelines emphasized. PREREQ: EXS 251, 375, 380; EXL 380; and current CPR certification.

482 Exercise Techniques and Physical Conditioning (4) Analysis of various exercise techniques, devices, and systems emphasizing their use and safety. Clinical experience in strength and range of motion (ROM) testing and prescription. PREREQ: EXS 251, 262, 380; EXL 380.

484 Organization and Management of Adult Fitness Programs Clinic/Seminar (3) Designed to provide students with practical experience in organizing and managing physical fitness programs for adults. PREREQ: EXS 380, EXL 380, and permission of instructor.

486 Exercise Prescription for Special Populations (3) Designed to provide students with a framework in which to develop safe exercise programs for individuals with disabilities, chronic diseases, or multiple conditions. PREREQ: EXS 381.

489 Clinical Exercise Testing and Prescription (4) Prepares students to administer exercise tests in the clinical arena and to prepare for ACSM certification exams. Covers basic electrocardiography and interpretation, risk factor threshold assessment, CV exercise testing procedures and interpretation, and CV exercise prescription - all relevant to the clinical adult population. Includes lectures, class discussions, project assignments, and group/individual lab experiences. PREREQ: EXS 381.

490 Internship I (6) A capstone experience meant to tie together previous course work into a “hands-on” application in a job setting. A minimum of 250 hours of actual work site experience may be in any vocational avenue available including cardiac rehabilitation, strength and conditioning coaching, commercial fitness, corporate fitness, and personal training. PREREQ: EXS 381, 482, 484, 489, and permission of department.

491 Internship II (3-6) A supplemental experience to EXS 490 which will enable students to explore other internship or work settings including cardiac rehabilitation, strength and conditioning coaching, commercial fitness, corporate fitness, and personal training. The experience can be at the same site as EXS 490. Hours required range between 125 (for three credits) to 250 hours (for six credits). PREREQ: Permission of department.

KINESIOLOGY
Symbols: KIN; KIL indicates lab course

101 Introduction to Adventure-Based Education (3) A course designed for the student to understand the adventure approach to experiential education in various environments. The students will have the opportunity to experience an adventure curriculum including initiatives, problem-solving activities, and low/high ropes course elements.

102 Contemporary Activities (2) Provides students with insight through practical experiences in a variety of "alternative" physical education activities to gain an expanded awareness of the K-12 physical education curriculum.

103 Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Physical Education, Fitness, and Sport (3) This course provides prospective health and physical education educators the opportunity to examine and understand the complexities of the kinesiology field. The student will gain a historical perspective of how the field developed and insight on the underlying principles and philosophies as it exists today. Students also will be introduced to present-day teaching strategies and concerns in health and physical education. Authentic learning opportunities will assist students in identifying the subdisciplines of kinesiology and how they form the comprehensive field.

140 Aquatic Fundamentals and Emergency Water Safety (2) Review of basic aquatic skills with advanced stroke techniques, safety, and survival techniques.

186 Motor Learning and Development (3) An introduction to human motor development and learning. Principles and concepts associated with those areas will be examined as they relate to human motor performance and the development of motor skills across the lifespan. Motor development topics including growth, maturation, fitness development, self-concept development, gender, and age will be explored from a dynamical systems theoretical framework. Motor-learning topics include information processing, schema theory, transfer of learning, reaction time, and levels of movement learning. The interrelationships among the topics will be discussed.

201 Educational Dance and Gymnastics (2) Provides students with the appropriate methods, materials, and skills needed for demonstrating, teaching, and analyzing K–12 dance and educational gymnastics in grades K-5. Will include skill assessment, peer teaching, and lesson plan development.

205 Curriculum and Instruction: Inclusion in Health and Physical Education (3) Prepares physical education majors to have the skills, knowledge, and attitudes necessary in teaching children with disabilities: providing them with appropriate physical activities, helping them with lifetime fitness pursuits in community and vocational settings, advocating for appropriate physical activities in fitness centers and the community at large, and modifying the environment to make it less restrictive. PREREQ: KIN 186; field clearances required (child abuse, criminal record check, TB, FBI); or permission of instructor. COREQ: KIN 206.

206 Adapted PE and Health for Students with Disabilites (3) Through classroom and hands-on teaching experiences, this course will provide health and physical education teacher certification majors with the skills, knowledge, and attitudes to teach students with disabilities in inclusive and segregated health and physical education classes and to meet the NASPE beginning teacher standards and the Pennsylvania Chapter 49.13 special education standards. PREREQ: KIN 186 and field clearances required (child abuse, criminal record check, TB, FBI). COREQ: KIN 205.

246 Sport, Culture, and Society (3) Current theories and research in the area of sport and society will be introduced. Focus of the course is interdisciplinary, incorporating sociological, psychological, historical, anthropological, philosophical, and economic perspectives. Topics include moral, ethical, racial, and gender issues in sport in relation to the North American culture.
Diverse communities course
Approved interdisciplinary course

252 Physical Education and Individuals with Disabilities (3) To acquaint special education majors with concepts of appropriate physical education for students with disabilities.

253 Adapted Aquatics, Lifetime Sport, and Fitness (3) Course designed to increase knowledge and skills in providing appropriate and safe adapted aquatics, sports, and fitness activities to individuals with disabilities. Outside hours required.

254 Psychosocial Aspects of Physical Disability (3) A study of the psychological and social implications of physical disabilities.
Diverse communities course

275 Lifeguarding (2) Theory and techniques relative to preventive lifeguarding, emergencies in and around water, water rescues, search and recovery operations, types and uses of equipment, records and reports, health and sanitation, and supervision of waterfront areas. Possiblity of American Red Cross certification.

300 Curriculum and Instruction: Elementary (3) Students in this course will examine the design, implementation, and assessment of an elementary physical education program. PREREQ: KIN 201, 205; field clearances.

301 Fitness and Wellness (2) Prepares preservice teachers to address health- and skill-related components of fitness as well as the dimensions of wellness. Preservice teachers will assess and monitor their personal fitness development, as well as participate in, design, implement, and assess a variety of activities that focus on one or more components of fitness and wellness.

302 Curriculum and Instruction: Middle and Secondary Physical Education (3) This third course in pedagogy will relate all topics to the middle and secondary physical education setting. Intended to give students a comprehensive overview of topics that relate to the planning, execution, and reflection of lessons presented in the physical education setting. PREREQ: KIN 205, 206, field clearances; formal admission to teacher education required.

303 Invasion Games (2) Invasion, a concept common to team sports, will be used to develop a generic teaching approach. Individual, skill-related aspects of specific sports, such as basketball, soccer, lacrosse, and hockey, will be introduced. Students will be exposed to specific aspects of sport and game skill using the teaching games for understanding approach that they subsequently will teach.

311 Coaching Racquet Sports (3) Advanced coaching and teaching techniques for the racquet sports, including tennis, badminton, racquetball, and squash.

331 Water Safety Instruction (2) This course is designed to prepare individuals to become swim instructors. Testing during the first week includes a 500-yard swim, basic rescue procedures, and a written community water safety test. Opportunity exists to become an American Red Cross water safety instructor.

347 Assessment and Technology in Health and Physical Education (3) An introductory course that provides a hands-on look at uses of computer technology in teaching and assessment in health and physical education. The goal is for preservice teachers to use a variety of computer-based technology and software applications (e.g., grading software) for both professional and instructional use. Current assessment strategies (e.g., purpose, design, implementation of) will also be studied.

351 Evaluation in Health and Physical Education (3) Selecting, administering, scoring, and evaluating tests of physical fitness, general motor ability, motor educability, and skill and knowledge. Writing emphasis course.

353 Organization and Administration of Physical Education, Health, and Athletics (3) Principles of program building in curricular and extracurricular programs; risk management, organizing, administering, and supervising physical education, health, intramural, and interscholastic programs. Writing emphasis course.

360 Pathology for Adapted Physical Education Activities Specialists (3) Study of common disabling conditions with regard to anatomical and physiological changes.

362 Assessment and Programming: Adapted Physical Activities (3) For students who want to specialize in adapted physical education. To improve students' understanding of evaluation and programming in the psychomotor domain for students with disabilities. Principles of therapeutic exercise, and guidelines for exercise programs for those disabilities commonly seen in schools and fitness centers.

KIL 363 Adapted Physical Activity Practicum (1) Practicum experience working in an adapted physical activity setting. Includes writing and implementing lessons and individual goals. PREREQ: KIN 205, 206, or 252.

378 Field Experience (3) Practical experience for the student who must solicit approval of the appropriate agency, develop a proposal for the on-site experience, and secure agreement from the faculty adviser.
This course may be taken again for credit.

380 Women and Sport (3) An examination of women's participation in sport from historical, cultural, psychological, physical, and legal perspectives; emphasis placed on women in sport in American society today. Diverse communities course.

400 Professional Seminar in Adapted Physical Activity (3) Issues and current events in the professional development of adapted physical activity specialists.

401 Net/Wall Games (2) Provides future physical educators with the knowledge and skills necessary to instruct, demonstrate, and assess lifetime fitness activities that fall within the net/wall games classification system. Students will be introduced to teaching methodologies, skill production and progressions, class management techniques, and assessment strategies. Addresses the net/wall games of tennis, badminton, pickleball, and volleyball.

402 Physical Education Practicum (3) This course applies pedagogical content knowledge by planning, implementing, assessing, and reflecting upon teaching experiences in a physical education setting. PREREQ: KIN 300, 302; field clearances; formal admission to teacher education required.

445 Dance/Movement for Special Groups (2) Adaptation of dance movement with emphasis on methods, techniques, and activities suitable for special groups (elderly, people with disabilities, and other special groups).

449   Learning on the Move (3) A combination of preschool and primary-grade movement education activities are included to maximize children's overall development. PREREQ: Formal admission to teacher education.

451 History and Philosophy of Health and Physical Education (2) A study of past and present concepts of physical education; philosophy and principles of modern physical education programs. Writing emphasis course.

452 Principles of Coaching (3) This course explores responsibilities of those engaged in the profession of athletic coaching. Yearly responsibilities, philosophy and ethical practices, legal considerations, leadership, and skill development will be discussed.

453 Motor Learning (3) A study of the theories of learning in relation to the acquisition of motor skills.

458 Physical Disabilities of Childhood (2) Common orthopedic and neurological disabilities of childhood, especially chronic deviations. Emphasis is on understanding the medical aspects and problems of rehabilitation.

465 Mechanical Analysis of Motor Skills (3) A problem-solving approach to skill analysis using qualitative and quantitative video and cinematographic analysis as well as elementary force-time and accelerometry techniques. Useful for teachers, trainers, coaches, and exercise professionals.

470 Leadership in Recreational Outdoor Pursuits (3) This course is designed to provide instruction that would help persons desiring a career in recreational outdoor pursuits education, or develop an outdoor education or physical education program using activities, processes, and educational methodology in a safe and meaningful manner.

471 Adventure Education Essentials (3) Areas of curriculum, activities, briefing, front loading, debriefing, equipment, and facilities will be presented and discussed to provide students with a general background for Adventure Education.

473 Independent Study and Special Projects (1-3) Provide an opportunity for selected students to pursue areas of special interest and talent or to take advantage of special conferences or seminars. PREREQ: Permission of department chairperson.

475 Mental Training in Sport (3) Techniques of mental training for sport and physical activity, including relaxation training, concentration skills, breathing regulation, positive imagery, autogenic training, and meditation.

489 Student Teaching (6) Health and physical education teaching situations in elementary, middle, or secondary schools under qualified cooperating teachers and University supervisors. PREREQ: HEA 304, 306, and 440; KIN 402; preprofessional experience documentation; field clearances; formal admission to teacher education.; completion of all major course work with a required minimum grade of C; and Praxis II scores.

490 Student Teaching (6) Observation and participation in health and physical education teaching situations in elementary, middle, or secondary schools under qualified cooperating teachers and college supervisors. PREREQ: HEA 304, 306, 440; KIN 402; completion of all major course work with a required minimum grade of C; preprofessional experience documentation; field clearances; formal admission to teacher education; and Praxis II test scores.

498 Physical Education Workshop (1-3)
This course may be taken again for credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION ACTIVITY COURSES
Symbol: PEA

The following courses incorporate the components of fitness with specific activities designed to provide students with the knowledge and participatory skills necessary to achieve and enjoy keeping fit and well for life. The number in parentheses indicates the number of semester hours of credit.

115 Physical Conditioning (2)
This course may be taken again for credit.

116 Personal Defense (2)

117 Karate (2)

120 Fitness Through Badminton (2)

123 Fitness Through Golf (2)

128 Fitness Through Tennis (2)

129 Fitness Through Basketball (2)

131 Volleyball and a Fitness Lifestyle (2)

136 Fitness for Life (2)

137 Strength Training (2)

140 Aerobic Dance Fitness (2)

142 Yoga I (3)

143 Yoga II (3)

144 T'ai Chi Ch'uan (3) This course is the study of a martial art that combines movement with chi. T'ai chi ch'uan uses the principles of yin-yang and the five element theories and is compatible with Chinese medicine, acupuncture, and Chinese herb treatment. The study of movement, skeletal structure, and t'ai chi as a meditative art will be included in the course.

146 Pilates (3) This course is designed to provide each student with the skill and knowledge to perform the six basic principles that are the core of the Pilates method – centering, concentration, control, precision, breathing, and flowing movement. Exercises and activities are developed to assist students in strengthening musculature, in spinal alignment, and in gaining an awareness of effective breathing.
Course may be repeated for credit.

244 T'ai Chi Ch'uan II (3) This course is designed to provide students with an advanced knowledge and skill set required to practice the art of t'ai chi ch'uan and push hands.

236 Developing Personal Fitness Programs (1) This course, designed for nontraditional students and students with disabilities, provides an understanding of the scientific basis of physical fitness. The course is intended to help each student develop a personal fitness profile and subsequent program of physical activity that will result in healthful living. The course will make use of practical experience and actual participation in fitness activities. Individual programs will be emphasized.